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Pump prices, airline tickets help propel Canada's inflation rate to 2.3%

Last Updated Apr 20, 2018 at 9:36 am EDT

A gas pump is pictured in North Vancouver, B.C., on Jan. 20, 2016. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Jonathan Hayward

The country’s annual inflation rate continued creeping higher last month to hit 2.3 per cent, Statistics Canada said Friday.

The March figure shows the pace of inflation inched a little farther past the midpoint of the central bank’s ideal range of between one and three per cent.

By comparison, inflation was 2.2 per cent in February and 1.7 per cent in January. The March increase was the largest year-over-year move since it hit 2.4 per cent in October 2014, just as the oil-price slump was getting underway.

The upward forces on inflation in March were led by higher costs for gasoline and air transportation, while cheaper prices for video equipment, digital devices and electricity applied downward pressure.

The report also said the average of the Bank of Canada’s three measures of core inflation, which are designed to leave out the noise of more-volatile items like gasoline, was two per cent last month.

The Bank of Canada scrutinizes inflation data when it considers interest-rate decisions. Its rate hikes can be used as a tool to help prevent inflation from climbing too high.

But the recent readings above two per cent are unlikely to have a major impact on upcoming interest-rate decisions — because the central bank is now expecting them.

Earlier this week, the central bank said that due to the temporary effects of higher gas prices and minimum wage increases it has raised its inflation projections. The bank is now expecting the measure to average 2.3 per cent this year before settling back down to 2.1 per cent in 2019.

Bank of Canada governor Stephen Poloz has raised the benchmark interest rate three times since last July and is expected to remain on his rate-hiking path with economy operating close to its capacity.

But Poloz hasn’t moved the rate since January, including his most-recent announcement Wednesday. Poloz said that despite the recent improvements, the economy’s still unable to continue running at full tilt without the stimulative power of lower rates — for now.

In a separate report Friday, Statistics Canada said retail sales increased 0.4 per cent in February to $49.8 billion, with the biggest increases coming from new car dealers and general merchandise stores.


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