Statistics Canada says the country’s population topped 36 million this year for the first time, but that’s still about three million people fewer than the state of California.
The agency estimated Canada’s population at 36,048,500 on Jan. 1, up 62,800 from on Oct. 1, 2015.
Population growth slowed slightly to 0.95 per cent in 2015 compared with 1.04 per cent in 2014. The increase in the fourth quarter was due in part to 95,300 births compared with 67,900 deaths, based on preliminary estimates.
Net international migration was 35,400, up 600 from the same quarter in 2014.
Population growth was positive in all provinces and territories, except the Yukon.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, there are 38.8 million people in California, the most populous U.S. state. No other state comes close, with Texas a distant second at just over 27 million.
China and India both have over a billion people, while the United States is No. 3 with a population of just over 300 million. Indonesia is the fourth most-populated country, with 234 million people.